Grammatikopoulou, Christina (2013), ‘From the deep web to the city streets: Hacking, politics and visual culture’, Quaderns-e, ICA, Vol.19 (1), pp. 202-219.
The political protests that have taken over urban space on multiple occasions since 2011 have been connected to parallel actions within virtual space, actions that involve hacking, hacktivism and piracy. This article explores the role of the Internet in the development of the protest movement and the idea of hacking as a subversive ideological and cultural practice. Starting with global protests, we will see how they are both linked to each other, and form part of the culture and politics of the information age. Subsequently, the analysis turns to hacking as a political and cultural act. Finally, we will see how these protest movements and hacking practices are expressed in participatory artworks that further foment the revolutionary spirit.